Privileged Access Management (PAM) - Everything You Need to Know

Stay on top of privileged accounts, access, and activities

-- 83% of organizations do not have a mature approach to privileged access management.

-- 56% of breaches take months or longer to discover

-- 80% of security breaches involve compromised privileged credentials.

-- Data Breach Reports

What are Privileges in IT Infrastructure Access Management?

In computer technology, privileges are special permissions assigned to users so they may carry out modifications to sensitive data, systems, applications, and networks. Examples of privileges include - the permission to install new software, ability to delete an existing user, power to approve access to a server, etc.

What is Privileged Access?

Privileged access is the type of access given to users so they can have elevated rights over systems, applications, and other IT resources. These elevated rights often include root/admin access which is the highest level of access to a system or network. When you have root access to an asset, you are said to possess the keys to the kingdom. Users with such privileged access are called privileged users.

What are Privileged Accounts?

Any login credential which grants privileges or administrative rights to systems and applications is known as a privileged account. These accounts can be associated with human users and non-human entities such as application and machine identities.

Privileged accounts can be of different forms/types. In an enterprise IT environment, these accounts exist in the form of administrator accounts, superuser accounts, root accounts, local administrator accounts, domain administrator accounts, secure socket shell keys (SSH keys), service and application accounts. These high privilege accounts are also called ‘secrets’ from a DevOps context.

What are Privileged Identities?

Machine and human identities like applications, systems, third-party vendors, IT staff, system administrators, etc. that utilize privileged access to carry out business operations are called privileged identities. Privileged identities typically make use of a privileged account to perform various tasks on enterprise assets.

What is Privileged Access Management?

Privileged Access Management (PAM) can be defined as an IT security strategy that ensures the appropriate control of access to critical data and resources. It involves securing and managing privileged accounts, controlling the scope of privileged access granted to users, and governing all privileged activity carried out in the organization.

PAM safeguards privileged identities and gives them just enough access to do their day-to-day activities without a hassle. Implementing a PAM solution helps organizations minimize their overall attack surface and mitigate security risks due to internal and external threats.

Summary on how PAM works:

  • Enforcing privileged access management begins with gaining visibility over all existing passwords, access permissions and users/machine privileges.
  • On getting a holistic insight, restrictions are put into place to limit the actions that can be performed by systems, applications, and users to the least necessary level. This enforces the principle of least privilege across the organization.
  • All access carried out is then recorded, comprehensively audited and reported to ensure that they are in compliance with organizational policies and procedures.

With all accounts consolidated and access secured, PAM protects sensitive data and systems from unauthorized administrative access, modification or misuse.

IAM vs PAM vs PIM - What are the major differences?

Identity and Access Management (IAM)

Identity and access management is a security strategy aimed at managing identities and administering control over access permissions in an IT network. IAM ensures that the right person in your organization can access the right resource for the right purpose. The pillars of IAM include (but aren’t limited to):

  • Identity Lifecycle Management - Creating and managing digital human and non-human identities.

  • Implementing Access Controls - Implementing control over which identities get access to which organizational resources.

  • Authorization and Authentication - Enforcing access permissions through authentication and authorization of user credentials.

  • Identity Governance - Supervising and tracking what identities do with their access to resources.

Privileged Access Management (PAM) - IAM vs PAM

Privileged access management falls under the umbrella of IAM. While IAM covers the canopy of identity management, PAM focuses on managing and governing access over business-critical resources and all privileged accounts associated with them. It encompasses tools to control elevated access and approvals for identities, thus decreasing the attack surface by allowing limited privileged access with specific levels of permissions. PAM solutions primarily cover the following aspects:

  • Discovery of Privileged Accounts - Discovering all privileged accounts across your organization.

  • Vaulting of Privileged Accounts and Credentials - Securely storing and managing sensitive credentials like passwords, SSH keys, files in an encrypted vault.

  • Privileged Access Governance - Supervising, auditing and tracking what privileged identities do with their access to resources.

  • Privileged Session Management and Remote Access - Allowing users to launch remote connections to assets (RMM) and recording and monitoring all such connections (PASM).

  • API & Application Password Security - Securing application credentials by leveraging RESTful APIs to carry out application operations without needing physical intervention or passwords hard-coded on scripts.

  • Privilege Elevation & Delegation Management - Elevating applications, processes and software just when users need access to them, based on a request-release workflow.

Privileged Identity Management (PIM) - PAM vs PIM

Privileged Identity Management (PIM) is a subset of PAM that targets the specific need of managing and controlling highly privileged access to resources. PIM solutions are limited to discovery and vaulting of privileged accounts, enforcing password policies and monitoring privileged access. It lacks session management capabilities and just-in-time privilege elevation controls that a PAM solution encompasses. PIM solutions often have lesser integrations (SIEM, Ticketing, etc.) with industry solutions than what a PAM solution offers.

What are the risks due to unmanaged privileged accounts?

Having a decentralized system to manage privileged accounts or managing them manually leads to varying management practices and inconsistent policies across an organization. When the organization scales, this inconsistency causes distress to the IT team. The increasing number of systems, assets, resources, and permissions makes them unmanageable, creates flaws in the manual process, and opens new avenues for attacks.

The 3 major risks due to unmanaged privileged accounts are:

1) Cyberattacks and Data breaches

Users with access to privileged accounts are directly linked to sensitive enterprise assets. These accounts pave the way to critical assets like servers, SSH keys, and important files. With an interconnected network, it is possible to crawl across systems and gain further elevated access. With a high level of access clearance, the compromise of even a single account lets hackers gain a foothold over the complete internal network.

Hackers who compromise a privileged account can then do multiple things:

  • They can stay dormant in your network and hoard classified information for months or even years together – undetected. While remaining in the network, they can create multiple backdoors to re-enter and steal data. They can then leak crucial business data to competitors or expose this information on the dark web.

  • They could also act immediately and fetter access to crucial files, lock out systems and hold information, or choose to bring the entire network down for a ransom.

Either way, without a system to manage privileged accounts - there is no way to gain alerts on suspicious activity, limit-monitor-or terminate privileged access, or stop threat actors from crawling into your IT network.

2) Credential Theft

Credential theft remains the top attack vector favored by cybercriminals, causing more than 54% of all security incidents in 2022. Manually managing passwords, storing credentials on an excel sheet, or in an unsafe legacy password manager can all lead to attackers stealing your company passwords. Hackers can easily social engineer their way into a user's system and gain access to hardcoded passwords of various business accounts and applications.

These stolen passwords can either be held at ransom or bled to the internet, allowing anyone to dive deep into your internal network - to obtain sensitive information and access privileged accounts.

Privileged access management automates password management best practices, eliminates the need to remember complex passwords, and proactively stops credential theft. Thus, reducing the attack surface and majorly limiting the possibility of a security incident.

3) Insider Threats

An unmanaged or orphaned privileged account left by a previous employee can be a major risk factor in any enterprise. If there are unknown privileged accounts within your network - bad actors, or any internal employee with malicious intent can utilize them to endanger your business. The employee leaving your organization can also log back into your critical systems with these accounts, and access information that is no longer required by them.

Eradicating unmanaged privileged accounts is key to stopping insider threats, privileged access management ensures that any employee leaving the organization is revoked of all his access permissions and helps transfer or deprovision privileged accounts they owned.

Why is PAM important for your organization?

Privileged Access Management is vital to protect privileged accounts and administer control over administrative access in your organization. It not only improves the overall security posture and also enhances operational efficiency across the enterprise. PAM is important for an organization:

  • To sense and prevent cyberattacks - PAM audits and logs all privileged activity, any changed password, launched application, or RDP connection taken can be used to raise an alert for counter measures to be quickly enacted.

  • To satisfy government regulations - Almost all organizations find PAM solutions vital to keep up with growing compliance regulations from the government.

  • To qualify for cyber insurance - Any organization looking to qualify for a sound cyber-insurance plan requires maintaining top security controls which a PAM solution helps enforce.

  • To protect sensitive data - Companies need a PAM solution to handle access to critical business resources and keep their privileged data, credentials and files encrypted. Enforcing Multi-factor authentication to access privileged data makes it extremely difficult for hackers to get their hands on sensitive data.

The dynamic and fluctuating nature of cyber risks pushes organizations to keep their network secure on all fronts, and PAM helps battle the root factors that cause cyberattacks. With the threat landscape increasingly moving toward targeting privileged accounts, implementing PAM software has transitioned from an important security control to an absolute necessity.

What are the key challenges in privileged access management?

Organizations face several challenges when it comes to provisioning privileged access and securing privileged accounts. Attackers exploit these loopholes to gain a foothold on machines, move laterally in the network and escalate privileges to attain their targets. Most security issues arise due to how we handle privileged accounts. The key challenges involved in privileged access management are as follows:

  • Lack of visibility - Protection often starts with visibility. Lack of visibility over the total number of accounts, where they sit in an organization's IT landscape could spell a disaster. To protect, privileged accounts must be discovered and consolidated continuously.

  • Manual approach to credential management - The essential requirement in ensuring security is assigning strong, unique passwords that are periodically randomized. Manual procedures to achieve this are prone to errors, time-consuming and cumbersome

  • Inadequate access controls - Ensuring the right access to the right person at the right time for the right duration is the fundamental aspect of access control. This aspect is often overlooked in organizations. Users often get access to accounts that are not related to their job profiles. When users leave the organization, deprovisioning becomes a nightmare.

  • Lack of centralized monitoring and control - Organization-wide visibility and control over privileged access are essential from a security perspective. Without the right tools in place, IT divisions struggle to gain centralized control of privileged accounts.

  • Audit and compliance issues - Organizations worldwide face heavy financial and reputational damage for unmet regulatory requirements. Tracking and recording every privileged activity is a must and a key challenge to many organizations today.

How can you benefit from a Privileged Access Management (PAM) solution?

Gain Complete Control and Visibility

With a privileged access management solution in place, you will know where and when privileges are used in your organization. It will provide details on which user is exercising their privileges to access which network device and application. You can also get alerts upon occurrence of specific events that can aid with timely incident response.

Reduce Employee Frustration

Security coming at the cost of unrest amongst users is a thing of the past. Automating just in time access provisioning will reduce unnecessary downtime caused by manual access provisioning. In legacy access management systems, the user must raise a ticket and wait for the helpdesk technician to sort things out. This caused huge downtimes especially in bigger enterprises where the number of such tickets is sky high. Using workflows that reduce the helpdesk load and the turnaround time for each request helps reduce employee frustration.

PAM also provides a secure way for granting remote workers secure access without using VPNs. As corporates adopt remote work culture,

Minimize Attack Surface

By enforcing the principle of least privilege, you can restrict internal users, and third-party vendors from gaining unfettered access to sensitive IT assets. PAM helps you track and monitor all privileged activities and provides complete control over privileged access. When a user is suspected of acting maliciously, all privileged access can be revoked instantly. In the event of a breach, the principle of least privilege ensures sensitive IT assets are not compromised.

Gain Protection from Malware

Administrator accounts carry a lot of permissions and have much more reach across the network and can facilitate malware and ransomware propagation. Restricting and protecting access to such privileged accounts reduces the threat of malware-based attacks.

Become Compliance Friendly

IT regulations mandate strict control over access to IT infrastructure. Ranging from password security to access control, various governing institutions have laid out their list of compliance requirements. With complete auditing and reporting capabilities, privileged access management solutions help demonstrate compliance to regulations like HIPAA, PCI DSS, SOX, NIST, ISO, GDPR and others.

Get a Rapid ROI

ROI for security solutions directly relies on the reduction in attack surface. By eliminating the risks associated with privileged access, PAM reduces the attack surface from internal and external threats. An average data breach costs $5 Million. With proven methods to improve your security posture and novel ways to achieve it without impacting productivity, privileged access management solutions provide a phenomenal return on investment to organizations.

How does Privileged Access Management (PAM) work?

PAM works by holistically securing all privileged access vectors i.e., people, processes, and devices for reducing the risk of a data breach and misuse of privileges by providing control and complete visibility over privileged access.

  • The first step in privileged access management is to onboard the users who require access to the encrypted vault protecting the privileged accounts.

  • Next step is to bring all privileged accounts present in databases, network devices like servers, switches, routers, and other endpoints under the same umbrella for centralized management.

  • Privileged access management solutions provide strong authentication and authorization mechanisms to ensure only the right users gain access to the privileged accounts present in the centralized vault.

  • PAM solutions help enforce security best practices like automatically assigning strong unique passwords and deploying advanced security measures such as multi-factor authentication for preventing unauthorized access to the repository.

  • PAM helps you to define and enforce access policies that help manage ‘who’ gets access to ‘what’ and ‘when’. These policies could help automate access workflows. Provisioning and revoking privileges can be automated to a great degree with the help of these policies.

  • For added security and control over critical assets, PAM provides real-time monitoring of live and recorded remote sessions. Organizations can monitor sessions and respond to malicious activities if detected.

  • PAM tools help track and monitor privileged access by maintaining a complete trail of all activities involving privileged accounts. These audit trails provide complete visibility over privileged access and provide insights on ‘who’ did ‘what’ and ‘when’ using ‘which’ privileged accounts.

Privileged Access Management (PAM) Best practices

Consolidate Privileged Accounts

Discover the privileged accounts existing in your network and consolidate them into an encrypted vault for centralized management. A siloed approach to privileged account management reduces visibility and is detrimental to demonstrating compliance with regulations. Centralized credential management helps manage access to privileged credentials and enforce security best practices efficiently.

Enforce Role Based Access Controls

As a key security practice, you should only grant just enough access for users to fulfill their duties. In most cases, end users don’t need access to view or modify privileged credentials. If an end user needs access to an IT asset, you need to grant access to the asset without revealing the credentials. This is done using granular role-based access controls. You need to associate privileges with user roles and assign these roles to the respective users. You can granularly select and assign privileges to user roles.

Enforce Password Security Best Practices

Password security best practices include a variety of measures ranging from basic steps such as assigning long, strong, complex passwords to more modern steps like enforcing MFA. Modern computing capabilities make cracking passwords using brute force techniques very easy. A long, complex password will ensure that your privileged accounts are secure against such attacks. Enforcing MFA on sensitive accounts helps protect against credential-based attacks. Attacks like credential spraying and stuffing, enforcing MFA will help prevent unauthorized access to IT assets.

Use Jump Hosts and TLS encryption

End user machines are often the weakest link in any network. These machines are used to access resources on the internet, access emails, download files, etc. These machines carry lot of vulnerabilities in them. If end user machines are allowed to connect to sensitive IT assets directly, the privileged identities get exposed to all kinds of threats. To protect privileged identities, restrict users from establishing a direct connection with them.

Route all your connections through a jump host to ensure no direct connections are established between end user machines and sensitive IT assets. You can achieve this by launching connections to assets from a PAM solution. Launch connections to IT assets through VPN less RDP, SSH, and SQL connections and ensure your internal IT assets are secure. As an additional security measure, you can enforce TLS encryption for all connections launched to internal assets.

Enforce Just in Time Access

One of the core principles of privileged access management is to eliminate all standing access to sensitive IT assets. When a user account with standing access to sensitive assets is compromised, the intruder will implicitly gain access to the asset. To prevent this, access to sensitive assets should always be ephemeral. Users should be able to access the asset only when absolutely required. The access should start and end within the specified time. This way of granting temporary privileged access is called just-in-time access.

Privileged access management solutions can help automate JIT-based access provisioning and offer methods to instantly revoke access if required. Once the access is revoked, it is advisable to reset the password of the asset.

Monitor, Track Sessions

Sensitive accounts are often used by internal users and external vendors and contractors. What the users do within a privileged session should be closely monitored and completely documented. All privileged activities should be recorded as audit trails to maintain a complete record. These records help maintain compliance with regulations. When remote connections are launched to sensitive assets, the entire session should be recorded and stored for analysis. Administrators should be able to shadow live sessions without the user’s knowledge. If any malicious activity is suspected, the administrator should terminate the session immediately.

Remove Local Administrators

Eliminating local administrator rights on endpoints will help mitigate almost 90% of all vulnerabilities that exist in Windows operating system. You can restrict employees from clicking on malicious links and downloading malware onto endpoints in your network by removing their local administrator privileges. Most employees can perform their job responsibilities working with standard user accounts.

Enforce Principle of Least Privilege

To limit the threat surface of your organization, principles of zero-trust and zero-standing-privileges should be enforced. Zero-trust encourages organizations to adopt the policy of “Never trust, always verify” instead of the more traditional ‘Trust but verify”. One of the key action items in adopting Zero-trust is to enforce the principle of least privileges.

The principle of least privilege involves granting just enough access for the users to perform their duties. Granting just enough access at the right time eliminates productivity hurdles associated with eliminating local administrator privileges and making employees work with standard accounts.

Limit the number of Administrators

Administrator accounts carry a lot of privileges with them and are often hot targets for attackers. Administrators make accessing sensitive information easy and are often involved in data breaches. To reduce the attack surface of the organization and protect sensitive information, the number of administrator accounts should be kept to a minimum.

Limit Privileges for Administrators

One of the most important security best practices is to not put all your eggs in the same basket. To perform administrative tasks efficiently and securely, privileges should be split between different administrative users. Separation of privileges will help enforce separation of duties.

Such a structure will also help promote maker checker controls and ultimately improve the overall security posture of the organization. To strike a balance between limiting the number of administrators and separating duties, you should take into consideration the size and complexity of your organization, the number of administrative tasks at hand and the privileges involved.

Isolate Privileged Resources in a Secure Network

Letting end user machines and privileged assets operate from the same network is not advisable. Human and non-human intruders can easily travel between devices in the network. To completely eliminate lateral movement of threat actors, privileged IT assets must be separated from the network in which end user machines operate. This is also addressed as network segmentation.

Network segmentation also helps curb malware and ransomware propagation from end user machines to privileged assets.

How is PAM implemented and what subdivisions does it encompass?

A mature PAM strategy will help organizations become secure and efficient. This invariably involves complete management of privileged access life cycle. Right from creation till they are decommissioned, privileged accounts carry an arsenal of risks that can potentially lead to data breaches.

PAM is a tool that consists of security controls that are required to manage privileges at different levels. Typical PAM solutions consist of a privileged accounts and session management (PASM) console and a privilege elevation and delegation management (PEDM) console.

PASM solves the challenge of granting just-in-time remote access to IT assets. It provides a secure way to launch remote connections to IT assets and offers complete oversight on the privileged activities the users perform on the remote assets through audit trails. Privileged password management is an integral part of PASM and helps enforce password security best practices throughout the organization. PASM also addresses the case of privileged task automation that requires a secure application password management mechanism.

PEDM solution on the other hand helps control how much privilege users have on their devices and helps enforce application control on endpoints. PEDM solutions help reduce privileged access risks by enforcing principles of least privilege and zero-trust. By providing granular controls over privilege elevation, PEDM solutions help granting just enough, just-in-time access to users in the organization.

A mature PAM strategy would be to utilize both methods to keep threats at bay and prevent breaches from wrecking the organization’s productivity and brand imaging.

How does Securden PAM help in managing privileged access?

Securden Unified PAM is a full-featured privileged access security solution that combines Password Vaulting, Privileged Account Management, Remote Access / Remote Session Management, Application Password Management, Privilege Elevation and Delegation Management, and Endpoint Privilege Management in a single package.

It helps IT teams to securely store, protect, and automate the management of all highly privileged account passwords, keys, and identities. It enables IT administrators to centrally control, audit, monitor, and record all access to critical IT assets, thereby reducing risks related to privileged access.

Securden can be deployed in minutes on a server on-prem or hosted on private cloud instances. Try now.

Frequently Asked Questions

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What is Privileged Access?

Privileged access is a special ability to perform tasks that are sensitive in nature. These include abilities such as shutting down critical systems, installing and managing device drivers, updating applications, configuring networks, and administration of servers and endpoints.

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What is Privileged Access Management?

Privileged Access Management refers to a holistic process of protecting privileged accounts in an organization by restricting, controlling, and monitoring access to privileged credentials.

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What is a privileged password?

Passwords that can grant access to privileged assets in your organization are called privileged passwords. Access to these passwords should be restricted, controlled, and strictly monitored.

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What is privileged password management?

Privileged password management incorporates various measures such as periodic password rotation and enforcing complexity rules on passwords used to protect sensitive IT assets. Using these measures along with access controls to restrict and regulate access to these passwords can help organizations secure their senstive assets from internal and external threats.

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Why is PAM important for your organization?

Organizations struggle with restricting and regulating access to sensitive assets. PAM solutions have provisions that can help control, restrict, and monitor privileged accounts and access. Privileged Access Management (PAM) solutions help discover and manage privileged accounts and provide complete visibility into the existence and access history of all privileged accounts in the organization.

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What are privileged accounts?

Any account that provides users with special abilities beyond that of a standard user is called a privileged account. A few common examples are domain admin accounts, local administrator accounts, non-human privileged accounts used for process automation, service accounts, and break glass accounts.

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Who are privileged users?

Users who are allowed or authorized to perform tasks that a standard user is not allowed to do are called privileged users. These users often have permanent access to administrator accounts and sensitive files. It is highly advisable to eliminate permanent access to sensitive accounts and grant Just-in-Time based access to sensitive accounts.

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What are the types of privileged accounts?

Privileged accounts can be classified into two major groups. Human and non-human privileged accounts. Human accounts include Domain Admin accounts, Local user accounts, and Local Administrator accounts. Non-human privileged accounts include service accounts, application accounts, and accounts used by network devices.

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What are privileged credentials?

Privileged credentials are used to grant elevated access to applications and devices in an network. They are often called “Keys to your Kingdom” as they could grant unrestricted access to your IT network. They are credentials often tasked to protect sensitive assets in a network. They are also widely referred to as secrets within DevOps environments.

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How is PAM implemented?

Privileged Access Management solutions should be implemented with a deployment plan in place. The success criteria of a PAM implementation is restricting access and enforcing controls without impacting productivity of the organization.

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What are some PAM best practices?

Some of the top privileged access management best practices are

  • Consolidate all your privileged account for centralized management.
  • Create and enforce password policies with expiry and complexity rules.
  • Enforce Multi-factor authentication across all human and non-human privileged identities.
  • Eliminate standing access to privileged accounts and enforce context based just-in-time access.
  • Monitor and record all privileged sessions.
  • Track and audit all privileged activities.
  • Enforce separation of privileges on administrator accounts.
  • Enforce separation of duties between administrators.
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What is secrets management?

Organizations often use multiple applications that are developed in house and out sourced for running operations on a day to day basis. These applications communicate with eachother either programmatically or through human intervention and need to authenticate their identity frequently. Privileged credentials, SSH keys, and tokens are used to authenticate their identity. These credentials are called as Secrets.

Secrets management refers to the tools or strategies involved in securing and managing these secrets. 

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What are hardcoded/embedded passwords?

When two non human identities need to communicate with each other, they need to authenticate their identities. For this purpose, developers often write the credentials into the code in plain text. Credentials that are available in plain text are addressed as hardcoded credentials or embedded credentials.

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Why secrets management is important?

Secrets are found all around an organization’s cyber space as hardcoded-credentials in dockers, as keys in various internally and externally sourced applications, vulnerability scanners, CI/CD pipelines etc.

Secrets are also used as a part of robotic process automation. Automated process offer a lot of advantages as they are extremely efficient when compared to processes carried out by humans. On the flipside, automated tasks are vulnerable to sophisticated attacks. Cybercriminals understand this and repeatedly target secrets to gain unfettered access to assets. To protect the organization, it is important to protect the secrets and regulate access to them with the highest security measures available.

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What are standing privileges?

Standing privileges are access rights that are granted perpetually to a user or other machines. These privileges grant access to the underlying assets permanently and is extremely risky when the underlying assets are sensitive. External threats and malicious insiders can exploit the access and cause devastating damage.

To insulate organizations from these threats, it is recommended to grant ephemeral access (or) Just-In-Time access to IT assets.

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What is Just-in-Time (JIT) access?

Just-in-Time access is a concept of granting temporary time limited access to sensitive assets to a user at the right time. JIT access ensures that the concerned user has access to the privileged asset when required without having standing access to it. By adopting JIT based access provisioning, you can limit exposure to intruders and malicious insiders and improve your organization’s security posture.

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What are the risks of standing privileges?

Standing privileges grant permanent (or) perpetual access to IT assets. When users are granted standing privileges for performing certain tasks, they will be able to access the IT asset even after the task is completed. The access rights is completely unnecessary and could potentially be misused by the user.

Around 81% of all privilege misuse is carried out by an insider. These insiders are granted standing access which gets abused either due to negligence or malicious intent.

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How to reduce standing privileges?

To reduce standing privileges, you need to adopt a holistic strategy that involves the following steps:

  • Consolidate all privileged identities into a centralized vault.
  • Gain visibility into who has access to which identities along with how and when the privileges are used in the organization.
  • Revoke access to these privileged identities from the corresponding users.

All these steps can be easily performed using a PAM solution. A PAM solution can discover all privileged credentials present in the IT network and consolidate them inside the centralized repository. It can help revoke access from users by performing a remote password reset on all the consolidated privileged identities.

Once access is revoked, you can use the PAM solution to grant JIT based access and minimize the impact on productivity.

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